Subpoenas have been issued by a grand jury in Washington in recent weeks, seeking information on the rally and on the alternate slates of fake electors for former President Donald Trump in swing states he lost, sources said, marking a significant development in the probe.
Until recently, prosecutors were almost exclusively bringing cases against alleged rioters and some members of extremist groups accused of conspiring to disrupt the certification of the 2020 presidential election. An expanded inquiry into the rally and fake electors represents a new stage of the investigation that looks into a more well-connected political circle.
One of the sources said the inquiry appeared to be examining “a higher level of rally planning,” including who was communicating with whom. There were multiple rallies before the Capitol riot on January 6, and the federal investigators appear to be asking about the one at which Trump spoke.
Some people who have received subpoenas have been looking for lawyers to help them with criminal defense, though the outreach from federal investigators treats them as potential witnesses.
Both the Justice Department and a spokesperson for the US Attorney’s office in DC, which is leading the January 6 investigation, declined to comment on Thursday.
Many of those people have already been pursued as potential witnesses by the House select committee investigating the January 6 insurrection, the sources said.
The expansion of the Justice Department’s already sprawling criminal probe comes as Attorney General Merrick Garland has come under increasing political pressure to examine possible wrongdoing by people in Trump’s orbit.
Earlier this month, Garland said the department does “not shy away from cases that are controversial or sensitive or political” but has declined to answer specific questions about the January 6 investigation.
And to mark the one-year anniversary of the attack in January, Garland explicitly stated: “We follow the money.”
One of the recent subpoenas, one source tells CNN, asked for information about the designation and treatment of individuals classified as “VIP attendees” at the Trump rally, an apparent reference to people who were given the ability to get closer to the stage of the event because of contacts they had.
The subpoena requested information about officials from the legislative and executive branches who had been involved in the “planning or execution” of any rally or attempt to impede the Electoral College vote counting, the source said.
It also asked about the effort by Trump allies to put forward alternate slates of electors from key swing states that President Joe Biden won, the source added. State attorneys general have also said they are looking into the effort, and some referred the matter to the Justice Department. Deputy Attorney General Lisa Monaco previously told CNN that prosecutors were looking into the matter.
Two additional sources also described a subpoena they are familiar with as seeking information similar to that of a subpoena that the House select committee had issued to rally organizers.
This story is breaking and will be updated.